Building Automation
8-Layer Stackable HAT
for Raspberry Pi

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Regular price $80.00

FEATURES

  • Eight Universal Inputs:
    • 1K or 10K thermistors,
    • 0-10V analog inputs,
    • Dry contact/counter inputs;
  • Eight Level Stackable;
  • Pluggable Connectors 26-16 AWG wires
  • Four AC Triac Outputs, 0.5A/24V
  • Four 0-10V Outputs;
  • Four General Purpose LEDs;
  • RS485 In and Out ports;
  • 24VAC Power Supply;
  • Real Time Clock with Battery Backup;
  • On board hardware watchdog;
  • Resettable fuse;
  • Status LEDs on all Digital Inputs and Outputs;
  • TVS protection on all inputs;
  • 32-bit Processor running at 48MHz;
  • Command line;
  • Python Library;
  • Node-Red nodes;
  • CODESYS driver;
  • All mounting hardware included: stand-offs, screws and nuts;
  • Open source hardware and schematics;

DESCRIPTION

BUILDING AUTOMATION for Raspberry Pi

Brings to Raspberry Pi all IO's needed for Building Automation Systems. Eight universal inputs can be jumper selected to process 0-10V signals, read 1K or 10K temperature sensors or dry contact counters. Four TRIAC outputs can drive loads up to 0.5A at 24VAC. Four 0-10V outputs can control light dimmers. Status LEDs display the state of all outputs. Keep time indefinitely even during power failure using the Real Time Clock with battery backup. Activate the hardware watchdog to monitor and power cycle the Raspberry Pi in case of software lockup. TVS diodes on all inputs protect the card for external ESD, and the on-board resettable fuse protects is from accidental shorts.

DRIVING ADDITIONAL LOADS

Heavy loads of up to 8A and 250VAC can be driven adding one or more 4-RELAYS cards. High DC loads of up to 10A and 250V, with fast response time and unlimited endurance can he driven by adding one or more 8-MOSFET cards.

COMMUNICATION

Connect the card to other Industrial Automation systems using RS485/Modbus communication ports. The RS485 can be driver either from the local processor implementing Modbus RTU device, or directly from the Raspberry Pi using the dedicated pins on the GPIO connector, which are routed on the Industrial board to the RS485 driver. In and out connectors simplify daisy-chain wiring to other devices.

COMPATIBILITY

The Building Automation Cards share the I2C bus using only two of the Raspberry Pi’s GPIO pins to manage all eight cards. This feature leaves the remaining 24 GPIOs available for the user. The card is compatible with all Raspberry Pi versions from Zero to 4 and has all the necessary I/Os for your Building Automation projects.

POWER REQUIREMENTS

The Building Automation card requires a 24VAC/1A external transformer to operate and has to be powered from it's own pluggable connector. The card supplies 5V and up to 3A to the Raspberry Pi on the GPIO bus. A local 3.3V regulator powers the rest of the circuitry. The card needs 50mA to operate.

PLUGGABLE CONNECTORS

All the IO's are connected to heavy duty (8A), 3.5mm pitch pluggable connectors which make field wiring very convenient for installation and debugging.

STACKING MULTIPLE CARDS

Up to eight Building Automation cards can be stacked on your Raspberry Pi. Each card is identified by jumpers you install to indicate the level in the stack.

Stack level Jumpers

Cards can be installed in any order. For your convenience,  two stack jumpers and the eight input selection jumpers are provided with each card.

CARD LAYOUT

Building Automation for Raspberry Pi

ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS

  • Power supply: 3.5mm Pluggable Connector, 24V/1A
  • Power consumption: 50mA @ 24V
  • On board resettable fuse: 1A
  • 0-10V Inputs:
    • Maximum Input Voltage: 12V
    • Input Impedance: 20KΩ
    • Resolution: 12 bits
    • Sample rate: tbd
    • Full scale linearity: 0.15%
  • Contact closure inputs max. frequency: 100Hz
  • 0-10V Outputs:
    • Minimum Output Load: 1KΩ
    • Resolution: tbd
    • Full scale linearity: 0.1%
  • Triac Outputs;
    • Maximum Output Current: 1A
    • Maximum Output Voltage: 120V

MECHANICAL SPECIFICATIONS

BAS Mechanical Dimensions

DOWNLOADS

Open Source Hardware Schematic

2D CAD drawing

User's Guide

SOFTWARE

SOFTWARE INTERFACES

You can write your own application using the Command Line or Python Libraries provided. No programming is required if you use the Node-Red nodes provided. You can drag-and-drop the functional blocks to design your application. Examples are provided at GitHub. CODESYS drivers also provided.

FIELD CALIBRATION

All the analog inputs and outputs are calibrated at the factory, but firmware commands permit the user to re-calibrate the board, or to calibrate it to better precision. All inputs and outputs are calibrated in two points; select the two points as close to possible to the two ends of scale. To calibrate the inputs, the user must provide analog signals. (Example: to calibrate 0-10V inputs, the user must provide a 10V adjustable power supply). To calibrate the outputs, the user must issue a command to set the output to a desired value, measure the result and issue the calibration command to store the value. Calibration process can be done using command line interface provided, type "megabas -h" for a complete list of command options

WATCHDOG

The Building Automation card contains a built-in hardware watchdog which will guarantee that your mission-critical project will recover and continue running even if Raspberry Pi software hangs up. After power up the watchdog is disabled, and becomes active after it receives the first reset or first period set.

The default timeout is 120 seconds. Once activated, if it does not receive a subsequent reset from Raspberry Pi within 2 minutes, the watchdog cuts the power and restores it after 10 seconds.

Raspberry Pi needs to issue a reset command on the I2C port before the timer on the watchdog expires. The timer period after power up and the active timer period can be set from the command line. The number of resets is stored in flash and can be accessed or cleared from the command line. All the watchdog commands are described by the online help function.

RS485/MODBUS Communication

The card contains a standard RS485 transceiver which can be accessed by the local processor or by Raspberry Pi. The desired configuration is set from three bypass jumpers on configuration connector J3.

RS485 Jumpers

If jumpers are installed, Raspberry Pi can communicate with any device with an RS485 interface. In this configuration the card is a passive bridge which implements only the hardware levels required by the RS485 protocol. To use this configuration, you need to tell the local processor to release control of the RS485 bus:

~$ megabas [0]  rs485wr 0 0 0 0 0

If jumpers are removed, the card operates as MODBUS slave and implements the MODBUS RTU protocol. Any MODBUS master can access all the card's inputs, and set all the outputs using standard MODBUS commands. A detailed list of commands implemented and parameters addresses can be found on GitHub:

In both configurations the local processor needs to be programmed to release (jumpers installed) or control (jumpers removed) the RS485 signals. See the command line online help for further information.

FIRMWARE UPDATE

The card firmware can be updated in the field by running a command. The update is made with the latest firmware version located on our servers. More instructions about the process can be found on GitHub. Please make sure there is no process, like Node-Red or python scripts, that tries to access the card during the update process.

ACCESSORIES

DIN-RAIL MOUNTING

The Building Automation card can be installed parallel on a DIN-Rail using the DIN-Rail Kit Type 1, or perpendicular using the DIN-Rail Kit Type 2.

SMART FAN

The Smart Fan provides a stackable cooling solution for Raspberry Pi. Its on-board processor powers the fan just enough to maintain the preset temperature of the Pi.

YOUR KIT

When you purchase the Building Automation Card you will receive the following items:

1. Building Automation Stackable Card for Raspberry Pi

2. Mounting hardware

  • Four M2.5x18mm male-female brass standoffs
  • Four M2.5x5mm brass screws
  • Four M2.5 brass nuts
Brass mounting hardware

3. Two stack-level jumpers

Two jumpers

4. All required connector plugs

  • Four 8-pin female mating connector plugs for IO's.

  • Two 2-pin female mating connector plug for RS485 IN/OUT.

  • One 2-pin female mating connector plug for power.

BAS connector plugs

QUICK START

  1. Plug your card on top of your Raspberry Pi and power up the system
  2. Enable I2C communication on Raspberry Pi using raspi-config.
  3. Install the software from github.com:
    • ~$ git clone https://github.com/SequentMicrosystems/megabas-rpi.git
    • ~$ cd /home/pi/megabas-rpi
    • ~/megabas-rpi$ sudo make install
    • ~/megabas-rpi$ megabas
The program will respond with a list of available commands.